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Leukemia. 1990 Jan;4(1):20-3.

Spi-1 oncogene activation in Rauscher and Friend murine virus-induced acute erythroleukemias.

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INSERM U-248, Faculté de Médecine Lariboisière-Saint-Louis, Paris, France.


The Friend viruses, like the Rauscher virus, cause murine acute erythroleukemias which evolve in a similar multistep process. In previous studies it has been described that the late malignant proerythroblastic transformation induced by the polycythemia-inducing strain of Friend spleen focus-forming virus (SFFVP) is correlated with Spi-1 oncogene activation by insertional mutagenesis. In this paper we report that Spi-1 genomic rearrangements were also observed in 90% of tumors induced by the anemia-inducing strain of Friend spleen focus-forming virus (SFFVA) and in all Rauscher-induced tumors analyzed. SFFVA and Rauscher proviral insertions occurred in the viral integration cluster previously characterized in SFFVP-induced tumors. The Spi-1 1.4-Kb messenger RNA was found highly expressed in all SFFVA and Rauscher-induced malignant cells as compared to normal tissues. The nucleotide sequence of Spi-1 cDNA isolated from a library constructed from SFFVA-induced tumor cells revealed no difference between the Spi-1 gene transcripts expressed in both SFFVP and SFFVA-induced leukemic cells. These results indicate that Spi-1 gene activation is a general feature in the malignant proerythroblastic transformation which occurs in mice infected with Friend and Rauscher viruses.

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