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J Biol Chem. 2011 Jun 17;286(24):21555-64. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M111.224048. Epub 2011 Apr 29.

A20 is induced by Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus-encoded viral FLICE inhibitory protein (vFLIP) K13 and blocks K13-induced nuclear factor-kappaB in a negative feedback manner.

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  • 1Jane Ann Nohl Division of Hematology and Center for the Study of Blood Diseases, University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California 90033, USA.

Abstract

Expression of A20, a negative regulator of the NF-κB pathway, is frequently lost in several subtypes of Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin lymphoma. We report that A20 is expressed in Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV)-infected primary effusion lymphoma cell lines, and its expression correlates closely with the expression of KSHV-encoded viral FLICE inhibitory protein K13. Ectopic expression of K13 induced A20 expression through NF-κB-mediated activation of A20 promoter. In turn, A20 blocked K13-induced NF-κB activity and up-regulation of proinflammatory cytokines CCL20 and IL-8 in a negative feedback fashion. Both the N-terminal deubiquitinating domain and the C-terminal zinc finger domain of A20 were involved in the inhibition of K13-induced NF-κB activity. Overexpression of A20 blocked K13-induced IκBα phosphorylation, NF-κB nuclear translocation, and cellular transformation. Consistent with the above, K13-induced IκBα phosphorylation and NF-κB transcriptional activation were enhanced in A20-deficient cells. Finally, A20 was found to interact physically with K13. Taken collectively, these results demonstrate that K13 is a key determinant of A20 expression in KSHV-infected cells, and A20 is a key negative regulator of K13-induced NF-κB activity. A20 might serve to control the inflammatory response to KSHV infection and protect KSHV-infected cells from apoptosis.

PMID:
21531730
PMCID:
PMC3122214
DOI:
10.1074/jbc.M111.224048
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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