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J Biol Chem. 1990 Jan 25;265(3):1531-6.

Two tumor necrosis factor-binding proteins purified from human urine. Evidence for immunological cross-reactivity with cell surface tumor necrosis factor receptors.

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  • 1Department of Molecular Genetics and Virology, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel.


Two proteins which specifically bind tumor necrosis factor (TNF) were isolated from human urine by ligand (TNF)-affinity purification, followed by reversed phase high performance liquid chromatography. The molecular weights of the two proteins, as determined by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, were similar (about 30,000). Both proteins provided protection against the cytocidal effect of TNF in vitro and both bound TNF-alpha more effectively than TNF-beta. Antibodies raised against each of the proteins had an inhibitory effect on the binding of TNF to cells, suggesting that both proteins are structurally related to the TNF receptors. However, the two proteins differed in NH2-terminal amino acid sequences: Asp-Ser-Val-Cys-Pro- in one and Val-Ala-Phe-Thr-Pro- in the other. The NH2-terminal sequence of the former protein was invariable, while that of the latter was truncated to varying degrees. The two proteins were also immunologically distinct. The relative efficacy of anti-sera against the two proteins in inhibiting the binding of TNF to cells varied markedly from one line of cells to another. Evidence has been presented recently for the existence of two distinct molecular species of cell surface receptors for TNF and for differential expression of those two receptors by cells of different lines. The findings presented in this study are consistent with the notion that the urinary TNF-binding proteins constitute soluble forms of the two molecular species of the cell surface TNF receptors.

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