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Chirurg. 2011 Jun;82(6):500-2, 504-6. doi: 10.1007/s00104-010-2061-9.

[Pancreatic necrosis: pro-endoscopic therapy].

[Article in German]

Author information

  • 1Klinik für Gastroenterologie und Diabetologie, Klinikum Oldenburg, Deutschland. dahl.bjoern@klinikum-oldenburg.de

Abstract

The transmural endoscopic debridement and other minimally invasive therapies of infected postpancreatic necroses have been developed over the last decade as alternatives to open surgery. In several clinical centers the endoscopic approach has become standard therapy. The mortality rate in published series is in the range 0-15% and additional surgery is needed in 0-40%.Out of 73 own patients treated endoscopically between 2006 and 2010, 4 were operated because of bleeding, 2 with an acute abdomen and 3 with sepsis. Of the patients 6 died because of multi-organ failure and in 3 cases despite surgery. Main complications such as bleeding (n=20) and acute abdomen (n=7) were mostly treated conservatively. There was no procedure-related mortality. The endoscopic therapy was successful in 59 patients (80%) of whom 7 required further transmural endoscopic interventions for cystic relapses.At present, finding the best combination of endoscopic-transmural, percutaneous, laparoscopic and sometimes finally open surgical therapy remains an interdisciplinary challenge. The only randomized study published in this context clearly indicates that such a step-up approach is the most favorable.

PMID:
21528374
DOI:
10.1007/s00104-010-2061-9
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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