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Circ Res. 2011 Jun 10;108(12):1459-66. doi: 10.1161/CIRCRESAHA.111.244046. Epub 2011 Apr 28.

Phosphatase-resistant gap junctions inhibit pathological remodeling and prevent arrhythmias.

Author information

1
Leon H. Charney Division of Cardiology, New York University School of Medicine, 522 First Ave, Smilow 801, New York, NY 10016, USA.

Abstract

RATIONALE:

Posttranslational phosphorylation of connexin43 (Cx43) has been proposed as a key regulatory event in normal cardiac gap junction expression and pathological gap junction remodeling. Nonetheless, the role of Cx43 phosphorylation in the context of the intact organism is poorly understood.

OBJECTIVE:

To establish whether specific Cx43 phosphorylation events influence gap junction expression and pathological remodeling.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

We generated Cx43 germline knock-in mice in which serines 325/328/330 were replaced with phosphomimetic glutamic acids (S3E) or nonphosphorylatable alanines (S3A). The S3E mice were resistant to acute and chronic pathological gap junction remodeling and displayed diminished susceptibility to the induction of ventricular arrhythmias. Conversely, the S3A mice showed deleterious effects on cardiac gap junction formation and function, developed electric remodeling, and were highly susceptible to inducible arrhythmias.

CONCLUSIONS:

These data demonstrate a mechanistic link between posttranslational phosphorylation of Cx43 and gap junction formation, remodeling, and arrhythmic susceptibility.

PMID:
21527737
PMCID:
PMC3126103
DOI:
10.1161/CIRCRESAHA.111.244046
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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