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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2011 May 6;408(2):356-61. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2011.04.058. Epub 2011 Apr 19.

Crystal structure and biophysical characterisation of Helicobacter pylori phosphopantetheine adenylyltransferase.

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Institute of Bioinformatics and Structural Biology, College of Life Sciences, National Tsing Hua University, No. 101, Section 2, Kuang-Fu Road, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan.


Helicobacter pylori is a bacterium that causes chronic active gastritis and peptic ulcers. Drugs targeting H. pylori phosphopantetheine adenylyltransferase (HpPPAT), which is involved in CoA biosynthesis, may be useful. Herein, we report the expression in Escherichia coli and purification of recombinant HpPPAT and describe a crystal structure for an HpPPAT/CoA complex. As is the case for E. coli PPAT (EcPPAT), HpPPAT is hexameric in solution and as a crystal. Each protomer has a well-packed dinucleotide-binding fold in which CoA binds. Structural characterisation demonstrated that CoA derived from the E. coli expression system bound tightly to HpPPAT, presumably to initiate feedback inhibition. However, the interactions between the active-site residues of HpPPAT and CoA are not identical to those of other PPATs. Finally, CoA binding affects HpPPAT thermal denaturation.

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