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J Comput Chem. 2011 Jul 30;32(10):2119-26. doi: 10.1002/jcc.21794. Epub 2011 Apr 27.

Parameterization of Org27569: an allosteric modulator of the cannabinoid CB1 G protein-coupled receptor.

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Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Center for Drug Discovery, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Greensboro, North Carolina 27402.


The cannabinoid CB1 receptor is a class A G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) that is the most widely expressed GPCR in the brain. Many GPCRs contain allosteric binding sites for endogenous and/or synthetic ligands, which are topographically distinct from the agonist-binding site that is known as the orthosteric site. While both endogenous and synthetic ligands that act at the CB1 orthosteric site have been known for some time, compounds that act at a CB1 allosteric site have only recently been discovered. The most studied of these is 5-chloro-3-ethyl-1H-indole-2-carboxylic acid [2-(4-piperidin-1-ylphenyl)ethyl]amide (Org27569). Because allosteric ligands are thought to act through conformational changes in the receptor that are transmitted from the allosteric to the orthosteric site, computational studies of the structural and dynamic interactions of Org27569 with the CB1 receptor are crucial to achieve a molecular level understanding of the basis of action of this important new class of compounds. To date, such computational studies have not been possible due to the lack of a complete set of molecular mechanics force field parameters for Org27569. Here, we present the development of missing CHARMM force field parameters for Org27569 using previously published methods and the validation and application of these new parameters using normal mode analysis and molecular dynamics simulations combined with experimental infrared measurements.


CHARMM; G protein-coupled receptor; allosteric modulator; cannabinoid; parameter

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