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Pediatr Res. 2011 Aug;70(2):176-80. doi: 10.1203/PDR.0b013e318220c1e0.

Cerebral oxygenation in very low birth weight infants supported with sustained lung inflations after birth.

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Division of Neonatology and Pediatric Intensive Care, Children's Hospital, University of Ulm, Ulm 89070, Germany.


Sustained lung inflations (SIs) immediately after birth might decrease the need for subsequent mechanical ventilation in preterm infants. However, effects of SIs on oxygenation and hemodynamics are undetermined. Our aim was to study immediate effects of SIs on heart rate, arterial oxygen saturation, and cerebral tissue oxygen saturation in preterm infants supported with SIs after birth for lung recruitment. Heart rate, arterial oxygen saturation, and cerebral tissue oxygen saturation using near infrared spectroscopy was measured in 24 preterm infants of 28.0 (26.6-29.3) wk GA [median (interquartile range)] during resuscitation using up to three SIs of 20, 25, and 30 cm H2O of 15 s duration each followed by nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) as first line approach for respiratory support. During positioning and suctioning immediately after delivery infants became progressively hypoxemic and bradycardic before respiratory support was initiated. In 18 infants (75%), more than one SI were applied. During the last SIs, there was a rapid increase in the infants' heart rate and an increase in cerebral tissue oxygen saturation. Arterial saturation increased with slight delay. In conclusion, effective last sustained inflations increase heart rate and cerebral tissue oxygen saturation to be followed by an increase in arterial saturation.

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