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Nephrol Nurs J. 2011 Mar-Apr;38(2):155-62; quiz 163.

Hemodialysis knowledge and medical adherence in African Americans diagnosed with end stage renal disease: results of an educational intervention.

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Texas Christian University, Fort Worth, TX, USA.


The purpose of this three-group quasi-experimental research study was to describe the relationship between hemodialysis knowledge and perceived medical adherence to a prescribed treatment regimen in African Americans diagnosed with end stage renal disease and to determine if an educational intervention improved hemodialysis knowledge and medical adherence. Eighty-five African Americans participated in this study using the Life Options Hemodialysis Knowledge Test and the Medical Outcomes Study Measures of Patient Adherence tools. No significant correlation was found between hemodialysis knowledge and medical adherence. Paired sample t-tests revealed significantly higher hemodialysis knowledge scores in the post-test group compared to the pre-test group, t(26) = -3.79, p < 0.01. Additionally, no significant differences were found between pre- and post-intervention in medical adherence. This study suggests that more education is needed to improve the knowledge level of African-American patients on hemodialysis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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