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Neurocrit Care. 2011 Dec;15(3):599-608. doi: 10.1007/s12028-011-9545-4.

Non-invasive methods of estimating intracranial pressure.

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Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Montefiore Medical Center, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, USA.


Non-invasive measurement of intracranial pressure can be invaluable in the management of critically ill patients. We performed a comprehensive review of the literature to evaluate the different methods of measuring intracranial pressure. Several methods have been employed to estimate intracranial pressure, including computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, transcranial Doppler sonography, near-infrared spectroscopy, and visual-evoked potentials. In addition, multiple techniques of measuring the optic nerve and the optic nerve sheath diameter have been studied. Ultrasound measurements of the optic nerve sheath diameter and Doppler flow are especially promising and may be useful in selected settings.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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