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Mar Biotechnol (NY). 2012 Feb;14(1):10-20. doi: 10.1007/s10126-011-9380-9. Epub 2011 Apr 26.

D-xylose isomerase from a marine bacterium, Vibrio sp. strain XY-214, and D-xylulose production from β-1,3-xylan.

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Laboratory for the Utilization of Aquatic Bioresources, Department of Life Science, Graduate School of Bioresources, Mie University, 1577 Kurimamachiya, Tsu, Mie 514-8507, Japan.


The xylA gene from a marine bacterium, Vibrio sp. strain XY-214, encoding D-xylose isomerase (XylA) was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli. The xylA gene consisted of 1,320-bp nucleotides encoding a protein of 439 amino acids with a predicted molecular weight of 49,264. XylA was classified into group II xylose isomerases. The native XylA was estimated to be a homotetramer with a molecular mass of 190 kDa. The purified recombinant XylA exhibited maximal activity at 60°C and pH 7.5. Its apparent K (m) values for D-xylose and D-glucose were 7.93 and 187 mM, respectively. Furthermore, we carried out D-xylulose production from β-1,3-xylan, a major cell wall polysaccharide component of the killer alga Caulerpa taxifolia. The synergistic action of β-1,3-xylanase (TxyA) and β-1,3-xylosidase (XloA) from Vibrio sp. strain XY-214 enabled efficient saccharification of β-1,3-xylan to D-xylose. D-xylose was then converted to D-xylulose by using XylA from the strain XY-214. The conversion rate of D-xylose to D-xylulose by XylA was found to be approximately 40% in the presence of 4 mM sodium tetraborate after 2 h of incubation. These results demonstrated that TxyA, XloA, and XylA from Vibrio sp. strain XY-214 are useful tools for D-xylulose production from β-1,3-xylan. Because D-xylulose can be used as a source for ethanol fermentation by yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the present study will provide a basis for ethanol production from β-1,3-xylan.

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