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Acta Physiol (Oxf). 2011 Jul;202(3):253-69. doi: 10.1111/j.1748-1716.2011.02320.x. Epub 2011 May 27.

Vasomotion - what is currently thought?

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1
Department of Physiology and Biophysics, The Water and Salt Centre, Aarhus University, Denmark. ca@fi.au.dk

Abstract

This minireview discusses vasomotion, which is the oscillation in tone of blood vessels leading to flowmotion. We will briefly discuss the prevalence of vasomotion and its potential physiological and pathophysiological relevance. We will also discuss the models that have been suggested to explain how a coordinated oscillatory activity of the smooth muscle tone can occur and emphasize the role of the endothelium, the handling of intracellular Ca(2+) and the role of smooth muscle cell ion conductances. It is concluded that vasomotion is likely to enhance tissue dialysis, although this concept still requires more experimental verification, and that an understanding at the molecular level for the pathways leading to vasomotion is beginning to emerge.

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