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J Perinat Med. 2011 May;39(3):227-36. doi: 10.1515/JPM.2011.035. Epub 2011 Apr 25.

Listeriosis in human pregnancy: a systematic review.

Author information

1
Perinatology Research Branch, NICHD/NIH/DHHS, Wayne State University/Hutzel Women's Hospital, 3990 John R, Detroit, MI 48201, USA. rlamont@med.wayne.edu

Abstract

Listeria is commonly found in processed and prepared foods and listeriosis is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Preventative measures are well prescribed and monitoring and voluntary recall of contaminated products has resulted in a 44% reduction in the prevalence of perinatal listeriosis in the USA. Pregnant women are at high risk for listeriosis, but symptoms are non-specific and diagnosis is difficult. The intracellular life-cycle of Listeria protects the bacterium from host innate and adaptive immune responses. Antibiotic treatment requires agents able to penetrate, distribute, and remain stable within host cells. Prolonged use of high-dose ampicillin can significantly improve neonatal outcome.

PMID:
21517700
PMCID:
PMC3593057
DOI:
10.1515/JPM.2011.035
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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