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Ter Arkh. 2011;83(2):20-4.

[Functional condition of the stomach, pancreas, liver and gallbladder in celiac disease].

[Article in Russian]

Abstract

AIM:

To study condition of the stomach, gall-bladder, pancreas, liver in celiac disease (CD) and contribution of their dysfunction to clinical presentation of CD symptoms.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

A total of 215 CD patients entered the study (191 females and 24 males) aged under 20 years (n=100), 20 to 50 (n=74) and over 50 years (n=41). The control group consisted of 25 healthy volunteers. Acid-forming function of the stomach, blood serum gastrin level were studied. Bile for biochemical test was obtained at duodenal intubation using 40 ml of 40% glucose solution or 25% magnesium solution as food stimulators, and intravenous injection of cholecystokininpancreosimin. Cholic acid was assayed in bile portions B and C. Two-channel probe was used to obtain duodenal content before meal and after intravenous injection of pancreosimin for tripsin, amylase and lipase assay. Clinical and biochemical blood tests were made as well as puncture biopsy of the liver with histological study of biopsy material.

RESULTS:

CD patients were found to have high basal and stimulated acid-forming function, high gastrin concentration in the blood. The morphological examination detected lymphocytic gastritis. There were an inert type of pancreatic enzyme secretion, gall-bladder hypokinesia or atony. Gall-bladder contracted only after intravenous injection of cholecystokinin. Changes in the liver were characterized by hypertransaminasemia, steatohepatitis.

CONCLUSION:

Changes in the stomach in patients with new-onset CD promote formation of ulcer. Decline in excretory pancreatic function, slow enzyme secretion, marked hypokinesia of the gall-bladder, hyperenzymemia and steatohepatitis as manifestations of hepatic pathology result in dramatic disorder of digestion and absorption of food substances.

PMID:
21516844
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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