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J Korean Acad Nurs. 2011 Feb;41(1):1-8. doi: 10.4040/jkan.2011.41.1.1.

[Concept analysis of patient safety].

[Article in Korean]

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Department of Nursing, Konyang University, Daejeon, Korea.



This study was conducted to investigate the clear concept of patient safety and obtain theoretical evidences.


Research was conducted using Walker & Avant's conceptual analysis process.


Patient safety was defined as an activity that minimizes and removes possible errors and injuries to patients. It includes a basic desire to secure the patient's right to safety, and the legal regulations and duties of medical teams. The results of the establishment of a safety culture are patient-centered medical treatment and caring. Antecedents were found to be open and clear communications, continuous education and training for health care personnel, sufficient allocation of qualified personnel, cooperation among departments, improvements in the recognition of patient safety. Consequences were found to be the provision of high quality medical care and treatment, and increase in patient satisfaction.


Patient safety as defined by the results of this study will contribute to the foundation of institutionalization of the pursuit of patient safety and creation of a hospital culture focusing on patient safety as a first priority.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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