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Int J STD AIDS. 2011 Apr;22(4):228-30. doi: 10.1258/ijsa.2010.010258.

Clinical experience with nevirapine combined with tenofovir plus emtricitabine or lamivudine-containing regimens in HIV-infected subjects.

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Albion Street Centre, Surry Hills, Australia.


We retrospectively evaluated the durability and reasons for discontinuation of nevirapine (NVP) in combination with a tenofovir (TDF) and emtricitabine (FTC) or lamivudine (3TC)-containing antiretroviral therapy (ART) regimen in an Australian outpatient setting. Between January 2003 and June 2009, 64 patients (29 naïve and 35 treatment-experienced) received NVP/TDF-based regimens. The median exposure was 13.0 months (interquartile range [IQR] 6.0-20.0 months). The two- and three-year probability of continuing a NVP/TDF with FTC or 3TC regimen was 76% and 70%, respectively. Thirteen (20.3%) patients discontinued their regimen during the observation period. Reasons for discontinuation included virological failure in four (6.3%), rash in three (4.7%), lost to follow-up in three (4.7%), liver toxicity in two (3.1%) and HIV-1-related encephalopathy in one (1.6%). Long-term follow-up with a NVP/TDF-based regimen showed a low rate of discontinuation and enabled physicians to extend the use of ART over a long period, often with simplified (once-daily) regimens.

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