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Ann Oncol. 2012 Feb;23(2):319-23. doi: 10.1093/annonc/mdr121. Epub 2011 Apr 22.

Does an organised screening programme reduce the inequalities in breast cancer survival?

Author information

1
Clinical and Descriptive Epidemiology Unit, ISPO-Cancer Prevention and Research Institute, Florence, Italy.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The aim of the present study was to examine whether the implementation of an organised mammographic screening programme in Florence has been successful in reducing socioeconomic inequalities in breast cancer survival.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

All invasive breast cancer cases diagnosed in women resident in the city of Florence in a prescreening period and in the first 10 years of the screening programme were selected. Their socioeconomic status (SES) was determined by using the national census 2001 data. All breast cancers were followed up to 10 years after the diagnosis.

RESULTS:

In the prescreening period, the survival of deprived women was 12 percentage points lower than the reference class, both in the younger age class (<50 years old) and in the age class target of the screening programme (50-69 years old). This difference progressively decreases until disappearing completely during the first 10 years of the screening programme for the age class invited to screening, whereas it remains stable in the younger age class. Participation in breast cancer screening and diagnostic accuracy were similar by SES.

CONCLUSION:

The organised breast cancer screening implemented in the Florentine area achieved the goal of reducing inequalities in breast cancer survival.

PMID:
21515663
DOI:
10.1093/annonc/mdr121
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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