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Lipids Health Dis. 2011 Apr 22;10:63. doi: 10.1186/1476-511X-10-63.

Impaired plasma phospholipids and relative amounts of essential polyunsaturated fatty acids in autistic patients from Saudi Arabia.

Author information

1
Biochemistry Department, Science College, King Saud University, PO Box 22452, Zip Code 11495, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. elansary@ksu.edu.sa

Abstract

BACKGROUNDS:

Autism is a developmental disorder characterized by social and emotional deficits, language impairments and stereotyped behaviors that manifest in early postnatal life. This study aims to compare the relative concentrations of essential fatty acids (Linoleic and α- linolenic), their long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids and phospholipids in plasma of autistic patients from Saudi Arabia with age-matching controls.

METHODS:

25 autistic children aged 3-15 years and 16 healthy children as control group were included in this study. Relative concentration of essential fatty acids/long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids and omega-3/omega-6 fatty acid series together with phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylserine and phosphatidylcholine were measured in plasma of both groups.

RESULTS:

Remarkable alteration of essential fatty acids/long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids, omeg-3/omega-6 and significant lower levels of phospholipids were reported. Reciever Operating characteristics (ROC) analysis of the measured parameters revealed a satisfactory level of sensitivity and specificity.

CONCLUSION:

Essential fatty acids/long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids and omeg-3/omega-6 ratios, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylserine and phosphatidylcholine could be used as potential biomarkers that point to specific mechanisms in the development of autism and may help tailor treatment or prevention strategies.

PMID:
21513514
PMCID:
PMC3107801
DOI:
10.1186/1476-511X-10-63
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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