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FEBS Lett. 2011 May 6;585(9):1368-74. doi: 10.1016/j.febslet.2011.04.020. Epub 2011 Apr 15.

Orexin/hypocretin receptor chimaeras reveal structural features important for orexin peptide distinction.

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Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Department of Veterinary Biosciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.


We wanted to analyze the basis for the distinction between OX(1) and OX(2) orexin receptors by the known agonists, orexin-A, orexin-B and Ala(11), D-Leu(15)-orexin-B, of which the latter two show some selectivity for OX(2). For this, chimaeric OX(1)/OX(2) and OX(2)/OX(1) orexin receptors were generated. The receptors were transiently expressed in HEK-293 cells, and potencies of the agonists to elicit cytosolic Ca(2+) elevation were measured. The results show that the N-terminal regions of the receptor are most important, and the exchange of the area from the C-terminal part of the transmembrane helix 2 to the transmembrane helix 4 is enough to lead to an almost total change of the receptor's ligand profile.

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