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J Magn Reson Imaging. 2011 May;33(5):1121-7. doi: 10.1002/jmri.22534.

New MR imaging methods for metallic implants in the knee: artifact correction and clinical impact.

Author information

1
Department of Radiology, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA. tinac@stanford.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To evaluate two magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques, slice encoding for metal artifact correction (SEMAC) and multiacquisition variable-resonance image combination (MAVRIC), for their ability to correct for artifacts in postoperative knees with metal.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

A total of 25 knees were imaged in this study. Fourteen total knee replacements (TKRs) in volunteers were scanned with SEMAC, MAVRIC, and 2D fast spin-echo (FSE) to measure artifact extent and implant rotation. The ability of the sequences to measure implant rotation and dimensions was compared in a TKR knee model. Eleven patients with a variety of metallic hardware were imaged with SEMAC and FSE to compare artifact extent and subsequent patient management was recorded.

RESULTS:

SEMAC and MAVRIC significantly reduced artifact extent compared to FSE (P < 0.0001) and were similar to each other (P = 0.58), allowing accurate measurement of implant dimensions and rotation. The TKRs were properly aligned in the volunteers. Clinical imaging with SEMAC in symptomatic knees significantly reduced artifact (P < 0.05) and showed findings that were on the majority confirmed by subsequent noninvasive or invasive patient studies.

CONCLUSION:

SEMAC and MAVRIC correct for metal artifact, noninvasively providing high-resolution images with superb bone and soft tissue contrast.

PMID:
21509870
PMCID:
PMC3081101
DOI:
10.1002/jmri.22534
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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