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Sultan Qaboos Univ Med J. 2009 Dec;9(3):311-4. Epub 2009 Dec 19.

Serum level of heart-type Fatty Acid-binding protein in patients with chronic renal failure.

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1
Department of Medicine, Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, Sultanate of Oman;

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Heart-type fatty acid binding-protein (H-FABP) has been reported to be a potential novel biochemical marker for the early diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The effect of kidney diseases on the renal handling of H-FABP has not yet been fully evaluated. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of renal failure on the level of H-FABP and cardiac troponin (cTnT) concentrations.

METHODS:

The study population was a small group of 16 patients with renal failure (6 females, 10 males aged 30-70 years) on routine regular haemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis.

RESULTS:

The mean ±SD of serum urea and creatinine concentration in this group of patients was 19 ±9.6 mmol/L and 531.3 ±231.2 mmol/L respectively. H-FABP was increased in all 16 patients (81 ±53.3μg/L). The cTnT was increased ≥ 0.1μg/L in 8 patients (50%), ≥ 0.2μg/L in 5 patients (31.3%), and ≥ 0.3μg/L in 1 patient (6%).

CONCLUSION:

The diagnostic efficiency of H-FABP and cTnT for the diagnosis of AMI in the presence of renal failure may be limited and such patients may have high levels even in the absence of AMI.

KEYWORDS:

Cardiac troponin T; Heart-type fatty acid-binding protein; Renal failure

PMID:
21509315
PMCID:
PMC3074794
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