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Eur J Radiol. 2011 Aug;79(2):e70-3. doi: 10.1016/j.ejrad.2011.03.075. Epub 2011 Apr 19.

Radiation protection of patients in diagnostic radiology: status of practice in five Eastern-European countries, based on IAEA project.

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  • 1Vinca Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Belgrade, M.P.Alasa 12-14, Vinca, Serbia.


The purpose of this work was to investigate status of imaging technology and practice in five countries in Eastern-European region and evaluate the impact of IAEA projects on radiation protection of patients. Information collected using standardized IAEA protocol included status of technology, practices and patient dose levels in interventional procedure, radiography, mammography and computed tomography (CT). In spite of increased number of digital units, single phase generators or units older than 30 year are still in use. Examples of obsolete practice such as using fluoroscopy for positioning, photofluorography, chest fluoroscopy and soft-beam technique for chest radiography are also in use. Modern multi-slice CT or digital mammography units are available; however, there is lack of adequate radiation protection and medical physics support in hospitals. Information on patient doses in interventional procedures, conventional radiography, mammography and CT was collected to have baseline data and corrective measures were proposed with appropriate follow up actions taken.

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