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J Med Chem. 2011 Jun 9;54(11):3977-81. doi: 10.1021/jm200209n. Epub 2011 May 9.

Anticonvulsant 4-aminobenzenesulfonamide derivatives with branched-alkylamide moieties: X-ray crystallography and inhibition studies of human carbonic anhydrase isoforms I, II, VII, and XIV.

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Institute for Drug Research, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem , Jerusalem, Israel.


Aromatic amides comprising branched aliphatic carboxylic acids and 4-aminobenzenesulfonamide were evaluated for their inhibition of carbonic anhydrase (CA) isoforms. Of the most anticonvulsant-active compounds (2, 4, 13, 16, and 17), only 13, 16, and 17 were potent inhibitors of CAs VII and XIV. Compounds 9, 14, and 19 inhibited CA II, while 10 and 12 inhibited all isoforms. Structural studies suggest that differences in the active sites' hydrophobicity modulate the affinity of the inhibitors.

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