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J Dev Stud. 2011;47(2):316-37. doi: 10.1080/00220388.2010.492863.

Bt cotton and farmer suicides in India: an evidence-based assessment.

Author information

1
International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington.

Abstract

Bt cotton is accused of being responsible for an increase of farmer suicides in India. In this article, we provide a comprehensive review of evidence on Bt cotton and farmer suicides. Available data show no evidence of a 'resurgence' of farmer suicides. Moreover, Bt cotton technology has been very effective overall in India. Nevertheless, in specific districts and years, Bt cotton may have indirectly contributed to farmer indebtedness, leading to suicides, but its failure was mainly the result of the context or environment in which it was planted.

PMID:
21506303
DOI:
10.1080/00220388.2010.492863
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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