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J Sports Sci. 2011 May;29(8):867-77. doi: 10.1080/02640414.2011.568512.

The effect of bilateral asymmetry of muscle strength on the height of a squat jump: a computer simulation study.

Author information

1
Faculty of Sports and Health Science, Ritsumeikan University, Kusatsu City, Japan. yoshio-s@fc.ritsumei.ac.jp

Abstract

The aim of this study was to examine the effect of bilateral asymmetry of muscle strength on maximal height of the squat jump. A computer simulation technique was used to develop two kinds of 3D human lower limb musculoskeletal model (model-symmetry and model-asymmetry). The total muscle strength of the two models was set to be identical. Bilateral muscle strength was equal in the model-symmetry simulation, while the model-asymmetry simulation was performed with a 10% bilateral strength asymmetry. A forward dynamics approach was used to simulate squat jumps. The squat jumps were successfully generated, producing jump heights of 0.389 m for model-symmetry and 0.387 m for model-asymmetry. The small difference in height (0.5%) indicated that the effect of the 10% bilateral asymmetry of muscle strength on jump height is negligible. With model-asymmetry, the strong leg compensated for the muscle strength deficit of the weak leg. Importantly, the mono-articular and large extensor muscles of the hip and knee joint of the strong leg, including the gluteus maximus, adductor magnus, and vasti, compensated for the muscle strength deficit of the weak leg.

PMID:
21506038
DOI:
10.1080/02640414.2011.568512
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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