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J Med Syst. 2012 Aug;36(4):2309-18. doi: 10.1007/s10916-011-9698-x. Epub 2011 Apr 20.

Intelligent monitoring system for intensive care units.

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Institut Supérieur de Gestion de Tunis, University of Tunis, Tunis, Tunisia.


We address in the present paper a medical monitoring system designed as a multi-agent based approach. Our system includes mainly numerous agents that act as correlated multi-agent sub-systems at the three layers of the whole monitoring infrastructure, to avoid non informative alarms and send effective alarms at time. The intelligence in the proposed monitoring system is provided by the use of time series technology. In fact, the capability of continuous learning of time series from the physiological variables allows the design of a system that monitors patients in real-time. Such system is a contrast to the classical threshold-based monitoring system actually present in the Intensive Care Units (ICUs) which causes a huge number of irrelevant alarms.

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