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Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol. 1990;61(5-6):398-407.

Atrial natriuretic peptide during and after maximal and submaximal exercise under normoxic and hypoxic conditions.

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Abteilung für Sport- und Arbeitsphysiologie, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Federal Republic of Germany.


The present study was designed to investigate the influence of exercise intensity and duration as well as of inspiratory oxygen content on plasma atrial natriuretic peptide concentration [( ANP]) and furthermore to compare ANP with the effect on aldosterone concentration [( Aldo]). Ten untrained male subjects performed a maximal exercise test (ME) on a cycle ergometer and a submaximal test of 60-min duration at 60% of maximal performance (SE) under normoxia (N) and normobaric hypoxia (H) (partial pressure of oxygen: 12.3 kPa). Five subjects were exposed to hypoxia at rest for 90 min. The [ANP] was mostly affected by exercise intensity (5 min after ME-N, +298.1%, SEM 39.1%) and less by exercise duration (at the end of SE-N: +229.5%, SEM 33.2%). Hypoxia had no effect at rest and reduced the exercise response (ME-H, +184.3%, SEM 27.2%; SE-H, +172.4%, SEM 15.7%). In contrast to ANP, the Aldo response was affected more by duration at submaximal level (+290.1%, SEM 34.0%) than by short maximal exercise (+235.7%, SEM 22.2%). Exposure to hypoxia rapidly decreased [Aldo] (-28.5%, SEM 3.7% after 30 min, P less than 0.01), but did not influence the exercise effects (ME-H, +206.2%, SEM 26.4%; SE-H, +321.6%, SEM 51.6%). The [ANP] increase was faster than that of [Aldo] during the maximal tests and there was no difference during submaximal exercise. Changes in plasma volume (PV), sodium concentration, and osmolality (Osm) were most pronounced during maximal exercise (for ME-N: PV -13.1%, SD 3.6%, sodium +6.2 mmol.l-1, SD 2.7, Osm +18.4 H2O-1, SD 6.5). Regression analysis showed high correlations between changes in [ANP] and in Osm during and after maximal exercise and between changes in [ANP] and heart rate for submaximal exercise. It is concluded that besides other mechanisms increased Osm might be involved in the exercise-dependent increase of plasma [ANP].

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