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Am J Physiol. 1978 Nov;235(5):C212-9.

Evaluation of oxidative phosphorylation in hearts from euthyroid, hypothyroid, and hyperthyroid rats.

Abstract

The energy relationships between cytosolic and mitochondrial metabolism were studied in the hearts from euthyroid, hypothyroid, and hyperthyroid rats. Isolated mitochondria showed high respiratory control ratios and impermeability to exogenous NADH. Hypo- and hyperthyroidism, respectively, resulted in lower and higher contents of both cytochromes per mitochondrion and mitochondrial protein per gram of wet weight of heart without changes in the ratio of cytochrome c to cytochrome aa3. In isolated perfused heart, the hyperthyroid state led to an increase in work rate and thereby an elevation of Vo2, which resulted in an increase oxidation-reduction turnover number for the cytochromes. An agreement was found between [ATP]/[ADP][Pi] of cytosolic free adenine nucleotides and the value calculated from a mathematical model of mitochondrial respiration. This implies that mitochondrial respiration is controlled at the cytochrome oxidase reaction and that oxidative phosphorylation in intact tissue is tightly coupled irrespective of thyroid state. It is concluded that thyroid hormone causes an increase in the mitochondrial mass, mitochondrial cytochrome content, and respiratory rate, and consequently expands the capacity of oxidative metabolism without an uncoupling effect on oxidative phosphorylation.

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