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Am J Nephrol. 2011;33(5):421-6. doi: 10.1159/000327019. Epub 2011 Apr 19.

Effect of intravenous saccharated ferric oxide on serum FGF23 and mineral metabolism in hemodialysis patients.

Author information

1
Division of Nephrology and Kidney Center, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS:

Fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF23) plays a central role in the development of hypophosphatemia and inappropriately low 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D induced by iron therapy for iron-deficiency anemia. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of intravenous saccharated ferric oxide on serum FGF23 levels and mineral metabolism in hemodialysis patients.

METHODS:

This prospective study enrolled 27 hemodialysis patients who had iron-deficiency anemia defined by a hemoglobin concentration < 10.5 g/dl and serum ferritin < 100 ng/ml. Intravenous saccharated ferric oxide at a dose of 40 mg was administered three times weekly over 3 weeks. The dose of active vitamin D and phosphate binders was kept unchanged. Serum FGF23, intact parathyroid hormone (PTH) and other parameters were prospectively monitored for 5 weeks.

RESULTS:

Serum FGF23 levels were markedly elevated [3,453 (338-6,383) pg/ml] at baseline. After 3 weeks of intravenous saccharated ferric oxide treatment, serum FGF23 further increased to 4,701 (1,251-14,396) pg/ml, and returned to the baseline values after 2 weeks of observation. There was also a significant decrease in intact PTH but no changes in serum calcium and phosphorus.

CONCLUSIONS:

Intravenous saccharated ferric oxide induces further increase in elevated FGF23 levels in hemodialysis patients. This increase does not induce hypophosphatemia and inappropriately low 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D in the absence of functioning kidney, but may result in transient PTH suppression - possibly by directly acting on the parathyroid.

PMID:
21502756
DOI:
10.1159/000327019
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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