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Genes Cells. 2011 Jun;16(6):625-38. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2443.2011.01513.x. Epub 2011 Apr 18.

Effect of vegf gene knockdown on growth of the murine sarcoma cell line MS-K.

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1
Department of Cell Science, Faculty of Graduate School of Science and Technology, Niigata University, Nishi-ku, Niigata 950-2181, Japan.

Abstract

The murine sarcoma cell line MS-K was previously established as a Ki-ras-positive cell line. Inoculation of this cell line under the flank of C3H/HeN mice results in the growth of large tumors with well-developed blood vessels within day 30 of transplantation without any metastasis because MS-K cells produce vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). To elucidate the role of VEGF in tumor formation in vivo, stable vegf-knockdown-MS-K clones were obtained using plasmid-based knockdown vectors. Interestingly, tumorigenesis was completely suppressed in a vegf-A-knockdown-MS-K clone [designated MS-K (A-KD)]. Proliferation and colony formation capacity of the MS-K (A-KD) cells in a semi-solid medium under low serum conditions was significantly lower than that of control MS-K (SCR) cells; however, the expression of vegf-receptor 1 (vegf-r-1) was not changed. Addition of the recombinant VEGF-A(165) partially restored the colony formation capacity of MS-K (A-KD) cells and caused the phosphorylation of VEGF-r-1 (Flt-1) in MS-K (Normal) cells. Furthermore, tumorigenicity of the vegf-r-1-knockdown-MS-K clone [designated MS-K (R1-KD)] had obviously delayed or strongly suppressed compared with the MS-K (Normal). These results indicate that Vascular endothelial growth factor-A, produced from MS-K, acts as a growth factor for MS-K cells itself and supports tumor formation in vivo by inducing the blood vessel formation.

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