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Expert Rev Proteomics. 2011 Apr;8(2):157-63. doi: 10.1586/epr.11.14.

Phosphoproteomics of vasopressin signaling in the kidney.

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Epithelial Systems Biology Laboratory, National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.


Protein phosphorylation plays a critical role in the signaling pathways regulating water and solute transport in the distal renal tubule (i.e., renal collecting duct). A central mediator in this process is the antidiuretic peptide hormone arginine vasopressin, which regulates a number of transport proteins including water channel aquaporin-2 and urea transporters (UT-A1 and UT-A3). Within the past few years, tandem mass spectrometry-based proteomics has played a pivotal role in revealing global changes in the phosphoproteome in response to vasopressin signaling in the renal collecting duct. This type of large-scale 'shotgun' approach has resulted in an exponential increase in the number of phosphoproteins known to be regulated by vasopressin and has expanded on the established signaling mechanisms and kinase pathways regulating collecting duct physiology. This article will provide a brief background on vasopressin action, will highlight a number of recent quantitative phosphoproteomic studies in both native rat kidney and cultured collecting duct cells, and will conclude with a perspective focused on emerging trends in the field of phosphoproteomics.

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