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J Nutr Biochem. 2012 Mar;23(3):228-38. doi: 10.1016/j.jnutbio.2010.11.019. Epub 2011 Apr 15.

Piceatannol inhibits migration and invasion of prostate cancer cells: possible mediation by decreased interleukin-6 signaling.

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Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Hallym University, Chuncheon, 200-702, Republic of Korea.


Piceatannol (trans-3,4,3',5'-tetrahydroxystilbene) is a polyphenol detected in grapes, red wine and Rheum undulatum; it has also been demonstrated to exert anticarcinogenic effects. In this study, in order to determine whether piceatannol inhibits the lung metastasis of prostate cancer cells, MAT-Ly-Lu (MLL) rat prostate cancer cells expressing luciferase were injected into the tail veins of male nude mice. The oral administration of piceatannol (20 mg/kg) significantly inhibited the accumulation of MLL cells in the lungs of these mice. In the cell culture studies, piceatannol was demonstrated to inhibit the basal and epidermal growth factor (EGF)-induced migration and invasion of DU145 cells, in addition to the migration of MLL, PC3 and TRAMP-C2 prostate cancer cells. In DU145 cells, piceatannol attenuated the secretion and messenger RNA levels of matrix metalloproteinase-9, urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Piceatannol increased the protein levels of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2 in a concentration-dependent fashion. Additionally, piceatannol inhibited the phosphorylation of signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) 3. Furthermore, piceatannol effected reductions in both basal and EGF-induced interleukin (IL)-6 secretion. An IL-6 neutralizing antibody inhibited EGF-induced STAT3 phosphorylation and EGF-stimulated migration of DU145 cells. Interleukin-6 treatment was also shown to enhance the secretion of uPA and VEGF, STAT3 phosphorylation and the migration of DU145 cells; these increases were suppressed by piceatannol. These results demonstrate that the inhibition of IL-6/STAT3 signaling may constitute a mechanism by which piceatannol regulates the expression of proteins involved in regulating the migration and invasion of DU145 cells.

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