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Diabet Med. 1990 Dec;7(10):871-5.

Acute changes in plasma non-esterified fatty acid concentration do not change hepatic glucose production in people with type 2 diabetes.

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1
Department of Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, CA.

Abstract

The effect of changes in plasma non-esterified fatty acid concentration (NEFA) on plasma glucose concentration, hepatic glucose production (Ra), and glucose disposal (Rd) rates was determined in 14 patients with Type 2 diabetes. Seven patients had relatively mild fasting hyperglycaemia (less than 10.0 mmol l-1), whereas the remaining seven had relatively severe fasting hyperglycaemia (greater than 14.0 mmol l-1). Each patient was infused from 2000 to 0800 h with 3-3H-glucose on two occasions, with or without neutral fat emulsion and heparin (mild hyperglycaemia group), or with or without nicotinic acid (severe hyperglycaemia group). Plasma NEFA concentration increased from 0.33 +/- 0.06 (+/- SE) to 4.78 +/- 0.42 mmol l-1 in response to the lipid and heparin infusion, but plasma glucose concentration (7.8 +/- 0.7 vs 7.4 +/- 0.8 mmol l-1), Ra (0.44 +/- 0.02 vs 0.46 +/- 0.02 mmol m-2 min-1), and Rd (0.42 +/- 0.02 vs 0.46 +/- 0.02 mmol m-2 min-1) were unchanged. Nicotinic acid decreased plasma NEFA concentration from 0.54 +/- 0.15 to 0.23 +/- 0.08 mmol l-1, but plasma glucose (15.0 +/- 1.0 vs 15.5 +/- 1.4 mmol l-1), Ra (0.74 +/- 0.07 vs 0.68 +/- 0.07 mmol m-2 min-1), and Rd (0.73 +/- 0.07 vs 0.68 +/- 0.07 mmol m-2 min-1) were unchanged. The results indicate that acute changes in plasma NEFA concentration did not lead to any change in overnight glucose production or disposal rates.

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