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New Biol. 1990 May;2(5):389-401.

p34cdc2: the S and M kinase?

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Molecular Biology and Virology Laboratory, Salk Institute for Biological Studies, San Diego, CA 92138.


In the yeast cell cycle, the induction of two very different processes, DNA synthesis (S-phase) and mitosis (M-phase), requires the same serine/threonine-specific protein kinase p34cdc2, which has been highly conserved through evolution. On the basis of work conducted largely in multicellular eukaryotes, it has recently been suggested that p34cdc2 is able to perform these two mutually exclusive roles by phosphorylating different sets of substrates through a cell cycle-dependent association with other proteins that dictate the substrate specificity of the protein kinase. To recognize its mitotic substrates, p34cdc2 associates with one of the cyclins--a family of proteins of two distinct but related types (A and B) characterized by their periodic destruction at each mitosis. In interphase, the formation of a complex between p34cdc2 and another protein (or proteins) would allow the phosphorylation of a different set of proteins involved in the G1 to S transition. This review focuses on the evidence for this appealing simple model and the nature of the putative substrates proposed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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