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Vaccine. 2011 May 31;29(24):4110-5. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2011.03.097. Epub 2011 Apr 13.

Safety of live attenuated influenza vaccine in mild to moderately immunocompromised children with cancer.

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Vanderbilt University Medical Center, 1161 21st Ave South, Nashville, TN 37232, USA.



The safety of intranasal live-attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV) in immunocompromised children with cancer is unknown. The objective of this study was to describe the safety and immunogenicity of LAIV in mild to moderately immunocompromised children with cancer.


We conducted a multicenter, randomized, double-blind study of LAIV versus placebo in children aged 5-17 years with cancer. LAIV (frozen formulation) or allantoic fluid/buffer was administered intranasally. Reactogenicity, adverse events, blood for immune assays, and nasal swabs for viral shedding were obtained during 5 visits over the first 42 days postvaccination; information concerning serious adverse events (SAEs) was collected for 180 days.


20 subjects were enrolled (LAIV, n=10; placebo, n=10) with a mean age of 12.2 years. Ten subjects had hematologic malignancy (LAIV, n=4; placebo, n=6); 10 subjects had solid tumors (LAIV, n=6; placebo, n=4). One subject was excluded from immunogenicity analysis for not receiving a full dose of LAIV. LAIV resulted in an increased incidence of runny nose/nasal congestion occurring in all LAIV recipients; no related SAEs were observed. Four of 10 LAIV recipients shed vaccine virus, with none exceeding 7-10 days duration. LAIV demonstrated modest immunogenicity by hemagglutination inhibition (≥ 4 fold rise for any strain, 33%) and microneutralization assays (≥ 4 fold rise for any strain, 44%).


In this small pilot study conducted in mild to moderately immunocompromised children with cancer, runny nose/nasal congestion was increased in LAIV recipients, no related SAEs occurred, and prolonged viral shedding was not detected. Moderate immunogenicity was demonstrated in this small group of individuals.


[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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