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Expert Rev Hematol. 2011 Apr;4(2):143-51. doi: 10.1586/ehm.11.12.

Clinical presentation and management of drug-induced agranulocytosis.

Author information

1
Department of Internal Medicine B, University Hospital of Strasbourg, 1 Porte de l'Hôpital, Strasbourg Cedex, France. emmanuel.andres@chru-strasbourg.fr

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

In this article, we report and discuss the clinical presentation and management of idiosyncratic drug-induced agranulocytosis (neutrophil count <0.5 × 10(9)/l).

RESULTS/CONCLUSIONS:

Idiosyncratic drug-induced agranulocytosis remains a potentially serious adverse event owing to the frequency of severe sepsis with severe deep tissue infections (e.g., pneumonia), septicemia and septic shock in approximately two-thirds of all hospitalized patients. However, several prognostic factors have recently been identified that may be helpful in practice to identify 'susceptible' patients. Old age (>65 years), septicemia or shock, metabolic disorders such as renal failure and a neutrophil count below 0.1 × 10(9)/l are currently consensually accepted as poor prognostic factors. In this potentially life-threatening disorder, modern management with broad-spectrum antibiotics and hematopoietic growth factors (particularly granulocyte colony-stimulating factor) is likely to improve prognosis. Thus, with appropriate management, the mortality rate from idiosyncratic drug-induced agranulocytosis is currently approximately 5%.

PMID:
21495924
DOI:
10.1586/ehm.11.12
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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