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Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1990 Dec;22(6):785-9.

Atrial natriuretic peptide and the renin-aldosterone axis during exercise in man.

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Pulmonary Division, V.A. Medical Center, Indianapolis, IN.


Under non-exercise conditions, atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) elevation suppresses plasma renin activity (PRA) and aldosterone (PA). A similar effect of ANP on PRA-PA during exercise has been suggested but not demonstrated. We measured ANP, PRA, PA, plasma potassium (K+), and changes in plasma volume (PV) and blood volume (BV) at rest and during incremental cycle ergometer exercise to exhaustion in ten healthy males. Plasma concentrations (mean +/- SE) of hormones and electrolytes increased (P less than 0.05) during exercise: ANP (68 +/- 14 to 207 +/- 48, PA (11.2 +/- 2.2 to 18.8 +/- 3.4 ng.dl-1), PRA (5.1 +/- 1.1 to 8.2 +/- 1.6 min-1), and K+ (4.2 +/- 0.1 to 5.5 +/- 0.1 mEq). PV and BV declined, reaching maximal deflections from baseline during the 100% stage (12.9 +/- 1.5 and 8.4 +/- 0.8% decreases, respectively). There were positive correlations between ANP and PRA (r = 0.58; P less than 0.01), ANP and PA (r = 0.56; P less than 0.01), and PRA and PA (r = 0.80; P less than 0.001). Increases in K+ did not correlate with increases in PA. The fall in PV correlated with elevations in PRA (r = -0.67; P less than 0.01) and PA (r = -0.58; P less than 0.01), and the fall in BV correlated with elevations in PRA (r = -0.62; P less than 0.01) and PA (r = -0.44; P less than 0.02). ANP production was related to exercise intensity (gauged by heart rate response; r = 0.58; P less than 0.01).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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