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Eur J Cancer. 2011 Jul;47(10):1498-503. doi: 10.1016/j.ejca.2011.03.019. Epub 2011 Apr 13.

A randomised phase II trial of 1 month versus 1 year of adjuvant high-dose interferon α-2b in high-risk acral melanoma patients.

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  • 1Department of Melanoma and Renal Cancer, Key Laboratory of Carcinogenesis and Translational Research (Ministry of Education), Peking University Cancer Hospital and Institute, Beijing, China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

High-dose Interferon-α-2b (HD-IFN) is an adjuvant treatment for melanoma. However, clinical trials for HD-IFN have not been reported in acral melanoma (AM), the predominant subtype of cutaneous melanoma in Asian population.

METHODS:

Patients with resected high-risk (stage IIb-IIIc) AM were randomly assigned to a regimen of 4-week (arm A: 15 × 10(6)U/m(2)d1-5/w × 4w) or 1-year adjuvant HD-IFN (arm B: 15 × 10(6)U/m(2)d1-5/w × 4w+9 × 10(6)Utiw × 48w), respectively. The endpoints were relapse-free survival (RFS), overall survival (OS) and toxicities.

RESULTS:

A total of 158 patients were enrolled in this study and 147 patients were eligible for survival analysis. With a median follow-up of 36.1 months, median RFS for arm A and arm B were 17.9 months and 22.5 months, respectively (P=0.72). Stratified analysis showed that RFS curves of patients in stage IIIb-IIIc were statistically different between arm A and arm B (P=0.02). The median RFS of patients with more nodal metastases (n⩾3) was shorter (P=0.004) in arm A (3.3 months) than that in arm B (11.9 months). Grade 1/2 adverse effects were observed in both groups. However, patients in arm B showed higher incidence of reversible Grade 3/4 hepatotoxicity (P=0.03).

CONCLUSIONS:

The induction dose of 15 × 10(6)U/m(2) and the maintenance dose of 9 × 10(6)U were tolerable, which may be the optional dose intensity for adjuvant IFN-α-2b therapy in Chinese high risk AM population. No statistical significance was detected in RFS between the 4-week and 1-year regimen while a 1-year regimen may show clinical benefits in patients with stage IIIb-IIIc AM or with ≥ 3 nodal metastases.

PMID:
21493058
DOI:
10.1016/j.ejca.2011.03.019
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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