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Curr Gerontol Geriatr Res. 2010;2010:380460. doi: 10.1155/2010/380460. Epub 2011 Mar 30.

Oxidative stress and longevity in okinawa: an investigation of blood lipid peroxidation and tocopherol in okinawan centenarians.

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1
Okinawa Research Center for Longevity Science, Okinawa 901-2114, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The Free Radical Theory of Aging mechanistically links oxidative stress to aging. Okinawa has among the world's longest-lived populations but oxidative stress in this population has not been well characterized.

METHODS:

We compared plasma lipid peroxide (LPO) and vitamin E-plasma and intracellular tocopherol levels (total α, β, and γ), in centenarians with younger controls.

RESULTS:

Both LPO and vitamin E tocopherols were lower in centenarians, with the exception of intracellular β-tocopherol, which was significantly higher in centenarians versus younger controls. There were no significant differences between age groups for tocopherol: cholesterol and tocopherol: LPO ratios. Correlations were found between α-Tocopherol and LPO in septuagenarians but not in centenarians.

CONCLUSIONS:

The low plasma level of LPO in Okinawan centenarians, compared to younger controls, argues for protection against oxidative stress in the centenarian population and is consistent with the predictions of the Free Radical Theory of Aging. However, the present work does not strongly support a role for vitamin E in this phenomenon. The role of intracellular β-tocopherol deserves additional study. More research is needed on the contribution of oxidative stress and antioxidants to human longevity.

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