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Molecules. 2011 Apr 13;16(4):3089-105. doi: 10.3390/molecules16043089.

Lambda-display: a powerful tool for antigen discovery.

Author information

1
Sigma-tau Industrie Farmaceutiche Riunite S.p.A., Rome, Italy.

Abstract

Since its introduction in 1985, phage display technology has been successfully used in projects aimed at deciphering biological processes and isolating molecules of practical value in several applications. Bacteriophage lambda, representing a classical molecular cloning and expression system has also been exploited for generating large combinatorial libraries of small peptides and protein domains exposed on its capsid. More recently, lambda display has been consistently and successfully employed for domain mapping, antigen discovery and protein interaction studies or, more generally, in functional genomics. We show here the results obtained by the use of large libraries of cDNA and genomic DNA for the molecular dissection of the human B-cell response against complex pathogens, including protozoan parasites, bacteria and viruses. Moreover, by reviewing the experimental work performed in recent investigations we illustrate the potential of lambda display in the diagnostics field and for identifying antigens useful as targets for vaccine development.

PMID:
21490557
PMCID:
PMC6260602
DOI:
10.3390/molecules16043089
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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