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J Biol Chem. 2011 Jun 3;286(22):20065-77. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M111.231878. Epub 2011 Apr 13.

Active participation of cellular chaperone Hsp90 in regulating the function of rotavirus nonstructural protein 3 (NSP3).

Author information

1
Division of Virology, National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases, Beliaghata, Kolkata, India.

Abstract

Heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) has been reported to positively regulate rotavirus replication by modulating virus induced PI3K/Akt and NFκB activation. Here, we report the active association of Hsp90 in the folding and stabilization of rotavirus nonstructural protein 3 (NSP3). In pCD-NSP3-transfected cells, treatment with Hsp90 inhibitor (17-N,N-dimethylethylenediamine-geldanamycin (17DMAG)) resulted in the proteasomal degradation of NSP3. Sequence analysis and deletion mutations revealed that the region spanning amino acids 225-258 within the C-terminal eIF4G-binding domain of NSP3 is a putative Hsp90 binding region. Co-immunoprecipitation and mammalian two-hybrid experiments revealed direct interaction of the C-terminal 12-kDa domain of Hsp90 (C90) with residues 225-258 of NSP3. NSP3-Hsp90 interaction is important for the formation of functionally active mature NSP3, because full-length NSP3 in the presence of the Hsp90 inhibitor or NSP3 lacking the amino acid 225-258 region did not show NSP3 dimers following in vitro coupled transcription-translation followed by chase. Disruption of residues 225-258 within NSP3 also resulted in poor RNA binding and eIF4G binding activity. In addition, inhibition of Hsp90 by 17DMAG resulted in reduced nuclear translocation of poly(A)-binding protein and translation of viral proteins. These results highlight the crucial role of Hsp90 chaperone in the regulation of assembly and functionality of a viral protein during the virus replication and propagation in host cells.

PMID:
21489987
PMCID:
PMC3103379
DOI:
10.1074/jbc.M111.231878
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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