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Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2011 Sep 1;81(1):248-54. doi: 10.1016/j.ijrobp.2011.02.004. Epub 2011 Apr 12.

Fibroblast growth factor-peptide improves barrier function and proliferation in human keratinocytes after radiation.

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1
Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York 14642, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Epidermal keratinocytes, which can be severely damaged after ionizing radiation (IR), are rapid turnover cells that function as a barrier, protecting the host from pathogenic invasion and fluid loss. We tested fibroblast growth factor-peptide (FGF-P), a small peptide derived from the receptor-binding domain of FGF-2, as a potential mitigator of radiation effects via proliferation and the barrier function of keratinocytes.

METHODS AND MATERIALS:

Keratinocytes isolated from neonatal foreskin were grown on transwells. After being exposed to 0, 5, or 10 Gy IR, the cells were treated with a vehicle or FGF-P. The permeability of IR cells was assessed by using transepithelial electrical resistance (TEER) and a paracellular tracer flux of fluorescein isothiocyanate-conjugated bovine serum albumin (FITC-BSA) with Ussing chambers. The cell proliferation was measured with yellow tetrazolium salt (MTT) and tritiated thymidine ([3H]-TdR) assays. The phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK) was measured in an enzyme-linked immunosorbent (ELISA)-like assay, and the proteins related to tight junctions (TJ) and adherens junctions (AJ) were examined with Western blotting. We used a mouse model to assess the ability of FGF-P to promote the healing of skin β burns created with a strontium applicator.

RESULTS:

We found (1) FGF-P reduced the permeability of irradiated keratinocytes, as evidenced by increased TEER and decreased diffusion of FITC-BSA, both associated with the regulation of different proteins and levels of TJ and AJ; and (2) FGF-P enhanced the proliferation of irradiated keratinocytes, as evidenced by increased MTT activity and [3H]-TdR incorporation, which was associated with activation of the ERK pathway; and (3) FGF-P promoted the healing of skin β burns.

CONCLUSIONS:

FGF-P enhances the barrier function, including up-regulation of TJ proteins, increases proliferation of human keratinocytes, and accelerates the healing of skin β burns. FGF-P is a promising mitigator that improves the proliferation and barrier function of keratinocytes after IR.

PMID:
21489707
PMCID:
PMC3137729
DOI:
10.1016/j.ijrobp.2011.02.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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