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Clin Oral Implants Res. 2012 Apr;23(4):447-52. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0501.2011.02159.x. Epub 2011 Apr 13.

Registration accuracy of three-dimensional surface and cone beam computed tomography data for virtual implant planning.

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  • 1Department for Craniomaxillofacial and Plastic Surgery, University Hospital of Cologne, Cologne, Germany.



Virtual wax-ups based on three-dimensional (3D) surface models can be matched (i.e. registered) to cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) data of the same patient for dental implant planning. Thereby, implant planning software can visualize anatomical and prosthetic information simultaneously. The aim of this study is to assess the accuracy of a newly developed registration process.


Data pairs of CBCT and 3D surface data of 16 patients for dental implant planning were registered and the discrepancy between the visualized 3D surface data and the corresponding CBCT data were measured on 64 teeth at seven points by two investigators in two iterations with a total of 1792 measurements.


All data pairs were matched successfully and mean distances between CBCT and 3D surface data were between 0.03(±0.33) and 0.14(±0.18) mm. At two of seven measuring points, statistically significant correlations were determined between the measured error and the presence and type of restorations. Registration errors in maxilla and mandible were not statistically significantly different.


According to the results of this study, registration of 3D surface data and CBCT data works reliably and is sufficiently accurate for dental implant planning. Thereby, barium-sulfate scanning templates can be avoided and dental implant planning can be accomplished fully virtual.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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