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Eur Spine J. 2011 Jul;20(7):1149-56. doi: 10.1007/s00586-011-1779-5. Epub 2011 Apr 13.

Simultaneous translation on two rods is an effective method for correction of hypokyphosis in AIS: radiographic results of 24 hypokyphotic thoracic scoliosis with 2 years minimum follow-up.

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Department of Paediatric Radiology, Lenval Hospital, 57 avenue de la Californie, 06200 Nice, France.


Recent publications confirm that moderate correction of thoracic hypokyphosis can be achieved by posterior instrumentation with hooks or pedicle screws. Twenty-four prospective and consecutive thoracic adolescent scoliosis patients with hypokyphosis (<20°) were operated on by posterior spinal fusion (PSF) with a specific method of reduction: Simultaneous translation on two rods (ST2R), performed by the same surgeon using stable anchorages such as screws or self-stabilizing claws. Radiographic parameters were measured preoperatively, at 1 month, 1 year and at 2 years minimum follow-up. In the coronal plane, the average main curve was significantly reduced from 51° to 17° and maintained at last follow-up, corresponding to an average correction of 67%. In the sagittal plane, the average kyphosis angle was significantly improved from 9° to 30° postoperatively and to 32° at last follow-up, corresponding to a mean gain of 23°. The 24 patients reported normal kyphosis at last follow-up (≥20°). Reduction of scoliosis by ST2R is an effective method that gives coronal correction equivalent to all screw constructs and allows restoration of normal thoracic kyphosis.

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