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Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2011 Apr;59(3):137-41. doi: 10.1055/s-0030-1250377. Epub 2011 Apr 8.

Comparison of the surgical outcomes of thoracoscopic lobectomy, segmentectomy, and wedge resection for clinical stage I non-small cell lung cancer.

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Department of General Thoracic Surgery, Tottori University Hospital, Yonago, Japan.



Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) for clinical stage I non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has been widely used as a less invasive surgical procedure, but the resection method is still controversial. We retrospectively compared the surgical outcomes of lobectomy, segmentectomy and wedge resection.


A total of 411 patients with clinical stage I NSCLC who underwent VATS (218 males and 193 females, aged 69.3 years; 345 adenocarcinomas, 57 squamous cell carcinomas, and 9 others) were investigated. The surgical procedure was lobectomy in 289, segmentectomy in 38, and wedge resection in 84. Surgical outcomes were compared among these 3 groups.


Demographic characteristics showed that the rate of elderly and male patients was higher in the wedge resection group. The 5-year survival rates for the lobectomy, segmentectomy, and wedge resection groups were 82.1, 87.2, and 55.4%, respectively. In the wedge resection group, the 5-year survival rate was 83.3% in patients undergoing intentional low-risk operations for small tumors with ground glass opacity, and 41.1% in those undergoing conservative high-risk operations because of comorbidities. Using Cox's proportional multivariate analysis and sex differences, histology, and tumor size as co-influential factors, the surgical procedure was found to be a significantly poor prognostic factor, and the hazard ratio of wedge resection relative to lobectomy was 4.30.


The outcomes of VATS lobectomy and segmentectomy procedures for clinical stage I NSCLC were equivalent, while the outcome for VATS wedge resection was inferior. VATS wedge resection for clinical stage I NSCLC should be carefully indicated and requires adequate patient selection.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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