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Eur J Orthod. 2012 Apr;34(2):176-81. doi: 10.1093/ejo/cjq179. Epub 2011 Apr 8.

Comparison of self- and conventional-ligating brackets in the alignment stage.

Author information

1
Orthodontic Department, Faculty of Dentistry, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. shahroy7@gmail.com

Abstract

This prospective study investigated the difference in clinical efficiency between Damon™ 3 self-ligating brackets (SLB) compared with Mini Diamond conventional ligating brackets (CLBs) during tooth alignment in straightwire fixed appliance therapy. Twenty-nine patients (10 males and 19 females), aged between 14 and 30 years, were randomly divided into two groups: 14 patients received the SLB and 15 received the CLB. Upper arch impressions were taken for pre-treatment records (T(0)). A transpalatal arch was soldered to both maxillary first molar bands prior to extraction of the maxillary first premolars, followed by straightwire fixed appliances (0.022 × 0.028 inch). A 0.014 inch nickel titanium (NiTi) wire was used as the levelling and aligning archwire. Four monthly reviews were undertaken and impressions of the upper arch were taken at each appointment (T(1), T(2), T(3), and T(4)). Displacements of the teeth were determined using Little's irregularity index (LII). Data were analysed using the Mann-Whitney U-test. In the aligning stage, the CLB group showed significantly faster alignment of the teeth compared with the SLB group at the T(1)-T(2) interval (P < 0.05). However, there were no differences at T(2)-T(3), and T(3)-T(4) for either group (P > 0.05). The CLB group showed 98 per cent crowding alleviation compared with 67 per cent for the SLB after 4 months of alignment and levelling. Mini Diamond brackets aligned the teeth faster than Damon™ 3 but only during the first month. There was no difference in efficacy between the two groups in the later 3 weeks. Alleviation of crowding was faster with CLB than with SLB.

PMID:
21478298
DOI:
10.1093/ejo/cjq179
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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