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PM R. 2011 Jun;3(6):562-72. doi: 10.1016/j.pmrj.2010.12.014. Epub 2011 Apr 7.

Osteoporosis: nonpharmacologic management.

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Department of Neurology/Rehabilitation, VA Central California Health Care System, 2615 E Clinton Ave, Fresno, CA 93703, USA.


Osteoporosis is a chronic disorder of the skeleton causing increased bone fragility and fractures. In the second of our 3-part series, we discuss the beneficial effects of nonpharmacologic agents in the management of osteoporosis. We review the evidence supporting the use of exercise, whole-body vibration, hip protectors, low-intensity pulsed ultrasound, bracing, and vertebral augmentation procedures. The mechanism of action, precautions, and expected outcomes are discussed. Nonpharmacologic management of osteoporosis blends in very well with an overall exercise prescription. The nonpharmacologic interventions discussed are readily available and easy to implement. The use of such techniques demonstrates the important role of the physiatrist in the management of osteoporosis.

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