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Radiat Res. 2011 Aug;176(2):170-6. doi: 10.1667/RR2413.1. Epub 2011 Apr 8.

Analysis of white blood cell counts in mice after gamma- or proton-radiation exposure.

Author information

1
Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

Abstract

In the coming decades human space exploration is expected to move beyond low-Earth orbit. This transition involves increasing mission time and therefore an increased risk of radiation exposure from solar particle event (SPE) radiation. Acute radiation effects after exposure to SPE radiation are of prime importance due to potential mission-threatening consequences. The major objective of this study was to characterize the dose-response relationship for proton and γ radiation delivered at doses up to 2 Gy at high (0.5 Gy/min) and low (0.5 Gy/h) dose rates using white blood cell (WBC) counts as a biological end point. The results demonstrate a dose-dependent decrease in WBC counts in mice exposed to high- and low-dose-rate proton and γ radiation, suggesting that astronauts exposed to SPE-like radiation may experience a significant decrease in circulating leukocytes.

PMID:
21476859
PMCID:
PMC3575683
DOI:
10.1667/RR2413.1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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