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Science. 2011 Apr 8;332(6026):238-40. doi: 10.1126/science.1200587.

Mutations in U4atac snRNA, a component of the minor spliceosome, in the developmental disorder MOPD I.

Author information

1
Human Cancer Genetics Program, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA.

Abstract

Small nuclear RNAs (snRNAs) are essential factors in messenger RNA splicing. By means of homozygosity mapping and deep sequencing, we show that a gene encoding U4atac snRNA, a component of the minor U12-dependent spliceosome, is mutated in individuals with microcephalic osteodysplastic primordial dwarfism type I (MOPD I), a severe developmental disorder characterized by extreme intrauterine growth retardation and multiple organ abnormalities. Functional assays showed that mutations (30G>A, 51G>A, 55G>A, and 111G>A) associated with MOPD I cause defective U12-dependent splicing. Endogenous U12-dependent but not U2-dependent introns were found to be poorly spliced in MOPD I patient fibroblast cells. The introduction of wild-type U4atac snRNA into MOPD I cells enhanced U12-dependent splicing. These results illustrate the critical role of minor intron splicing in human development.

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PMID:
21474760
PMCID:
PMC3380448
DOI:
10.1126/science.1200587
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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