Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Am Soc Nephrol. 2011 May;22(5):821-4. doi: 10.1681/ASN.2010090958. Epub 2011 Apr 7.

Proteolysis by the ubiquitin-proteasome system and kidney disease.

Author information

1
Nephrology Division, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Abstract

Proteins in all cells turnover continuously such that rigorous control of proteolysis is required to govern levels of proteins with vastly different half-lives and actions including those regulating transcription, metabolic pathways, or the breakdown of muscle proteins to amino acids used in gluconeogenesis or the synthesis of new proteins. Critical cellular functions would be disrupted without precise regulation of protein degradation. Thus, it is surprising that the bulk of protein in all cells is degraded by the ATP-dependent, ubiquitin-proteasome system. The system achieves remarkable specificity by selective conjugation of ubiquitin (Ub) to a doomed protein in a process catalyzed by >1000 ubiquitin ligases that recognize individual substrate proteins. Because the pathogenesis of certain kidney diseases and their complications are linked to the function of the ubiquitin-proteasome system, understanding its mechanisms could lead to novel therapies.

PMID:
21474563
DOI:
10.1681/ASN.2010090958
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Support Center